Imadacloprid culprit for bee demise?

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#1)  Imadacloprid culprit for bee demise?

Postby jamesrobertsmith » Fri Apr 06, 2012 7:06 am

I just read this article, and several others over the past few days on the same subject.

http://www.independent.co.uk/environmen ... 22263.html

Bad news all around.
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#2)  Re: Imadacloprid culprit for bee demise?

Postby edfrank » Fri Apr 06, 2012 8:28 am

Use of Common Pesticide Linked to Bee Colony Collapse

http://www.hsph.harvard.edu/news/press- ... icide.html

Press Releases
2012 Releases
For immediate release: Thursday, April 5, 2012

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bee clover release (bee-clover-feature.jpg)

Boston, MA – The likely culprit in sharp worldwide declines in honeybee colonies since 2006 is imidacloprid, one of the most widely used pesticides, according to a new study from Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH).

The authors, led by Chensheng (Alex) Lu, associate professor of environmental exposure biology in the Department of Environmental Health, write that the new research provides “convincing evidence” of the link between imidacloprid and the phenomenon known as Colony Collapse Disorder (CCD), in which adult bees abandon their hives.

The study will appear in the June issue of the Bulletin of Insectology.

“The significance of bees to agriculture cannot be underestimated,” says Lu. “And it apparently doesn’t take much of the pesticide to affect the bees. Our experiment included pesticide amounts below what is normally present in the environment.”

Pinpointing the cause of the problem is crucial because bees—beyond producing honey—are prime pollinators of roughly one-third of the crop species in the U.S., including fruits, vegetables, nuts, and livestock feed such as alfalfa and clover. Massive loss of honeybees could result in billions of dollars in agricultural losses, experts estimate.

Lu and his co-authors hypothesized that the uptick in CCD resulted from the presence of imidacloprid, a neonicotinoid introduced in the early 1990s. Bees can be exposed in two ways: through nectar from plants or through high-fructose corn syrup beekeepers use to feed their bees. (Since most U.S.-grown corn has been treated with imidacloprid since 2005, it’s also found in corn syrup.)

In the summer of 2010, the researchers conducted an in situ study in Worcester County, Mass. aimed at replicating how imidacloprid may have caused the CCD outbreak. Over a 23-week period, they monitored bees in four different bee yards; each yard had four hives treated with different levels of imidacloprid and one control hive. After 12 weeks of imidacloprid dosing, all the bees were alive. But after 23 weeks, 15 out of 16 of the imidacloprid-treated hives—94%—had died. Those exposed to the highest levels of the pesticide died first.

The characteristics of the dead hives were consistent with CCD, said Lu; the hives were empty except for food stores, some pollen, and young bees, with few dead bees nearby. When other conditions cause hive collapse—such as disease or pests—many dead bees are typically found inside and outside the affected hives.

Strikingly, said Lu, it took only low levels of imidacloprid to cause hive collapse—less than what is typically used in crops or in areas where bees forage.

Scientists, policymakers, farmers, and beekeepers, alarmed at the sudden losses of between 30% and 90% of honeybee colonies since 2006, have posed numerous theories as to the cause of the collapse, such as pests, disease, pesticides, migratory beekeeping, or some combination of these factors.

This study was supported by a grant funded by Harvard University Center for the Environment.

“In Situ Replication of Honey Bee Colony Collapse Disorder,” Chensheng Lu, Kenneth M. Warchol, Richard A. Callahan, Bulletin of Insectology, June 2012
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#3)  Re: Imadacloprid culprit for bee demise?

Postby Will Blozan » Fri Apr 06, 2012 10:09 am

JRS,

This is a hugely debated topic as CCD has been recorded well before the introduction of imidacloprid. Fortunately, imidacloprid use for saving hemlocks has no impact on bees when properly applied (honeybees do not use or pollinate hemlock). Unfortunately, hemlocks may "bee" a victim of public ignorance and blanket regulations, should the use of neonicotiniods be banned here.

Many of my clients are now dicussing this topic with me. Interestingly, the EPA refuted this claim just last year or the year before.

Will
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#4)  Re: Imadacloprid culprit for bee demise?

Postby Larry Tucei » Fri Apr 06, 2012 10:23 am

NTS,  I'll weigh in on this to. " Lu and his co-authors hypothesized". I raised Bees in the 90's in the Deep South and had 15 colonies in three different locations. I had hive loss to Hurricanes, virius, mites, wax moths, ants, etc. I'm sure pesticides have played a role in loss of Bee numbers also but to say that imidacloprid is the reason I don't think so, it is a combination of many factors. Down South we see less Honey Bees than in past years but I don't think anyone knows exactly the reason.   http://environment.about.com/od/biodiversityconservation/a/honeybees.htm     Larry
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